Delacroix, Eugène
Delacroix, Eugène, in full ferdinand- victor-eugene delacroix (b. April 26, 1798, Charenton-Saint-Maurice, Fr.--d. Aug. 13, 1863, Paris), the greatest French Romantic painter, whose use of colour was influential in the development of both Impressionist and Postimpressionist painters. His inspiration came chiefly from historical or contemporary events or literature, and a visit to Morocco in 1832 provided him with further exotic subjects.

Eugene Delacroix is numbered among the greatest and most influential of French painters. He is most often classified as an artist of the Romantic school. His remarkable use of color was later to influence impressionist painters and even modern artists such as Pablo Picasso.

Ferdinand-Victor-Eugene Delacroix was born on April 26, 1798, in Charenton-St-Maurice, France. In 1815 he became the pupil of the French painter Pierre-Narcisse Guerin and began a career that would produce more than 850 paintings and great numbers of drawings, murals, and other works. In 1822 Delacroix submitted his first picture to the important Paris Salon exhibition: Dante and Virgil in Hell. A technique used in this work--many unblended colors forming what at a distance looks like a unified whole--would later be used by the impressionists. His next Salon entry was in 1824: Massacre at Chios. With great vividness of color and strong emotion it pictured an incident in which 20,000 Greeks were killed by Turks on the island of Chios. The French government purchased it for 6,000 francs.

495 x 600 61.9K
61.9K, 495 x 600

The Massacre at Chios
Painted: 1824
Oil on canvas
Impressed by the techniques of English painters such as John Constable, Delacroix visited England in 1825. His tours of the galleries, visits to the theater, and observations of English culture in general made a lasting impression upon him.

Between 1827 and 1832 Delacroix seemed to produce one masterpiece after another. He again used historical themes in The Battle of Nancy and The Battle of Poitiers. The poetry of Lord Byron inspired a painting for the 1827 Salon, Death of Sardanapalus. Delacroix also created a set of 17 lithographs to illustrate a French edition of Goethe's Faust.

800 x 596 76.0K
76.0K, 800 x 596

Art Institute of Chicago
Painted: 1827-28
Pastel with chalk over wash on paper
Art Institute of Chicago
The Death of Sardanapal
Painted: 1827
Oil on canvas
392 x 496 cm
Musee du Louvre

844 x 673 132.3K
132.3K, 844 x 673

The French revolution of 1830 inspired the famous Liberty Guiding the People, which was the last of Delacroix's paintings that truly embodied the romantic ideal. He found new inspiration on a trip to Morocco in 1832. The ancient, proud, and exotic culture moved him to write "I am quite overwhelmed by what I have seen."

764 x 600 88.7K
88.7K, 764 x 600

La Liberté guidant le peuple
Painted: 1830
In 1833 Delacroix painted a group of murals for the king's chamber at the Palais Bourbon. He continued doing this type of painting, including panels for the Louvre and for the Museum of History at Versailles, until 1861. Much of the architectural painting involved long hours on uncomfortable scaffolding in drafty buildings, and his health suffered. He died on Aug. 13, 1863, in Paris. His apartment there was made into a museum in his memory.

792 x 1063 171.4K
171.4K, 792 x 1063

Painted: 1852
Oil on canvas
32.5 x 24.8 cm
Museum of Fine Arts

Arab Horseman Attacked by a Lion
Painted: 1849-50
Oil on panel
Art Institute of Chicago

490 x 600 46.8K
46.8K, 490 x 600

1063 x 794 154.8K
154.8K, 1063 x 794

The Barque of Dante
Painted: 1822
Oil on canvas
189 x 242 cm
Musee du Louvre

Combat of Giaour and Hassan
Painted: 1826
Oil on canvas
Art Institute of Chicago

735 x 600 79.7K
79.7K, 735 x 600

477 x 600 52.4K
52.4K, 477 x 600

The Jewish Bride of Tangier
Painted: 1832
Watercolor over lead pencil
on beige paper

Lion Hunt
Painted: 1860-61
Oil on canvas
Art Institute of Chicago

785 x 600 87.0K
87.0K, 785 x 600

647 x 600 47.3K
47.3K, 647 x 600

Orphan Girl in a Cemetery
Ovid Among the Scythians
National Gallery

800 x 536 61.1K
61.1K, 800 x 536

731 x 600 66.8K
66.8K, 731 x 600

The Sea of Galilee
Walters Art Gallery
Arabian Horses Fighting in a Stable
Painted: 1860
Oil on canvas
64.5 x 81 cm
Musee d'Orsay

1026 x 811 159.4K
159.4K, 1026 x 811

1046 x 791 177.1K
177.1K, 1046 x 791

Lion Hunt
Painted: 1854
Oil sketch
86 x 115 cm
Musee d'Orsay

The Abduction of Rebecca
Painted: 1846

444 x 600 42.4K
42.4K, 444 x 600

1052 x 830 173.7K
173.7K, 1052 x 830

Algerian Women in Their Apartments
Painted: 1834
Oil on canvas
180 x 229 cm

Arabs Skirmishing in the Mountains
Painted: 1863
Oil on canvas
92.5 x 74.6 cm
The National Gallery of Art

821 x 1027 159.9K
159.9K, 821 x 1027

1009 x 829 238.7K
238.7K, 1009 x 829

Entry of the Crusaders
(of Constantinople on 12 April 1204)
Painted: 1840
411 x 497 cm