Seurat, Georges
(b. Dec. 2, 1859, Paris--d. March 29, 1891, Paris)

Painter, founder of the 19th-century French school of Neo-Impressionism whose technique for portraying the play of light using tiny brushstrokes of contrasting colours became known as Pointillism. Using this techique, he created huge compositions with tiny, detached strokes of pure colour too small to be distinguished when looking at the entire work but making his paintings shimmer with brilliance. Works in this style include Une Baignade (1883-84) and Un dimanche après-midi à l'Ile de la Grande Jatte (1884-86).

Seurat, Georges (1859-91). A French painter who was a leader in the neo-impressionist movement of the late 19th century, Georges Seurat is the ultimate example of the artist as scientist. He spent his life studying color theories and the effects of different linear structures. His 500 drawings alone establish Seurat as a great master, but he will be remembered for his technique called pointillism, or divisionism, which uses small dots or strokes of contrasting color to create subtle changes in form.

Georges-Pierre Seurat was born on Dec. 2, 1859, in Paris. He studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in 1878 and 1879. His teacher was a disciple of Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres. Young Seurat was strongly influenced by Rembrandt and Francisco de Goya.

After a year of military service at Brest, Seurat exhibited his drawing Aman-Jean at the official Salon in 1883. Panels from his painting Bathing at Asnieres were refused by the Salon the next year, so Seurat and several other artists founded the Societe des Artistes Independants. His famous canvas Sunday Afternoon on the Island of the Grande Jatte was the centerpiece of an exhibition in 1886. By then Seurat was spending his winters in Paris, drawing and producing one large painting each year, and his summers on France's northern coast. In his short life Seurat produced seven monumental paintings, 60 smaller ones, drawings, and sketchbooks. He kept his private life very secret, and not until his sudden death in Paris on March 29, 1891, did his friends learn of his mistress, who was the model for his painting Young Woman Holding a Powder Puff.

800 x 527 65.4K
65.4K, 800 x 527

The Side Show
Painted: 1888
39 3/4 x 59 1/8 in
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
New York
Young Woman Powdering Herself
Painted: 1890
Oil on canvas
37 1/2 x 31 1/4 in
Courtauld Institute of Art

499 x 600 44.6K
44.6K, 499 x 600

441 x 352 23.2K
23.2K, 441 x 352

The Models (large version)
Painted: 1887-88
Oil on canvas
78 3/4 x 98 3/8 in
The Barnes Foundation

Entrée du port de Honfleur
(Entrance to the Port of Honfleur) Painted: 1886
Oil on canvas
54 x 65 cm
The Barnes Foundation

585 x 481 46.2K
46.2K, 585 x 481

1099 x 894 161.8K
161.8K, 1099 x 894

Gray Weather, Grande Jatte
Painted: 1888
Oil on canvas
27 3/4 x 34 in
Philadelphia Museum of Art
Le port de Gravelines
Painted: 1890
Oil on canvas
28 3/4 x 36 1/2 in
The Indianapolis Museum of Art

764 x 600 57.1K
57.1K, 764 x 600

1018 x 692 82.0K
82.0K, 1018 x 692

Un dimanche après-midi à l'Ile de la Grande Jatte
(Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte)
Painted: 1884-86
Oil on canvas
81 x 120 in
Art Institute of Chicago

The Circus
Painted: 1891
Oil on canvas
73 x 59 1/8 in
Musee d'Orsay

374 x 473 37.5K
37.5K, 374 x 473

504 x 600 51.4K
51.4K, 504 x 600

Le chahut
Painted: 1889-90
Oil on canvas
66 1/8 x 55 1/2 in
Kroller-Muller Museum

Le Bec du Hoc, Grandcamp
Painted: 1885
Oil on canvas
26 x 32 1/2 in
Tate Gallery

774 x 600 80.0K
80.0K, 774 x 600

636 x 428 30.8K
30.8K, 636 x 428

Une Baignade, Asnières
(Bathing at Asnières)
Painted: 1883-84
(retouched 1887)
79 x 118 1/2 in
National Gallery

Vase of Flowers

828 x 1018 194.3K
194.3K, 828 x 1018

1121 x 900 129.3K
129.3K, 1121 x 900

View of Fort Samson, Grandcamp
Painted: 1885
Oil on canvas
25 5/8 x 32 in
The Hermitage
St. Petersburg

The Lighthouse at Honfleur
Painted: 1886
Oil on canvas
66.7 x 81.9 cm
The National Gallery of Art

1013 x 825 212.0K
212.0K, 1013 x 825