Hockney, David
Timeline: Pop Art

Hockney, David (1937- ). British painter, draughtsman, printmaker, photographer, and designer. After a brilliant prize-winning career as a student at the Royal College of Art, Hockney had achieved international success by the time he was in his mid-20s, and has since consolidated his position as by far the best-known British artist of his generation. His phenomenal success has been based not only on the flair, wit, and versatility of his work, but also on his colorful personality, which has made him a recognizable figure even to people not particularly interested in art: a film about him entitled A Bigger Splash (1974) enjoyed considerable popularity in the commercial cinema.

1093 x 760 136.5K
136.5K, 1093 x 760

Mr and Mrs Clark and Percy
Painted: 1970
Acrylic on canvas
304 x 213 cm
His early paintings, often almost jokey in mood, gained him a reputation of leading Pop artist, although he himself rejected the label. In the late 1960s he turned to a weightier, more traditionally representational manner, in which he has painted some striking portraits (Mr and Mrs Clark and Percy, Tate, London, 1970-01). He has spent much of his time in the USA, and the Californian swimming pool has been one of his favourite themes (A Bigger Splash, Tate, 1967). Often his work has a strong homo-erotic content. Hockney is a brilliant draughtsman and has been as outstanding as a graphic artist as he has as a painter, his work in this field including etched illustrations to Cavafy's Poems (1967) and Six Fairy Tales of the Brothers Grimm (1969). In the 1970s he came to the fore also as a stage designer, notably with his set and costume designs for Stravinsky's The Rake's Progress and Mozart's The Magic Flute produced at Glyndebourne in 1975 and 1978 respectively. The broader style demanded by stage design is reflected in his most recent easel paintings. In the 1980s he has experimented much with photography, producing, for example, photographic collages and -- since 1986 -- prints created on photocopiers. Hockney is a perceptive commentator on art and in 1976 published a book on his own work, David Hockney by David Hockney.

762 x 792 58.4K
58.4K, 762 x 792

A Bigger Splash
Painted: 1967
Acrylic on canvas
242.5 x 243.9 cm
Technically, it is true to say that the Pop movement started with Richard Hamilton and David Hockney in England. Hockney's early work made superb use of the popular magazine-style images on which much of Pop Art is based. However, when Hockney moved to California in the 1960s, he responded with such artistic depth to the sea, sun, sky, young men, and luxury that his art took on a wholly new, increasingly naturalistic dimension. Though one might consider A Bigger Splash a simplistic rather than a simplified view of the world, it nevertheless creates a delightful interplay between the stolid pink verticals of a Los Angeles setting and the exuberance of spray as the unseen diver enters the pool. There is no visible human presence here, just that lonely, empty chair and a bare, almost frozen world. Yet that wild white splash can only come from another human, and a great deal of Hockney's psyche is involved in the mix of lucidity and confusion of this picture.

1022 x 813 102.6K
102.6K, 1022 x 813

Three Chairs with a Section of a Picasso Mural
Painted: 1970
Acrylic on canvas
122 x 152.4 cm
Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Ahmet Ertegun

Portrait Surrounded by Artistic Devices
Painted: 1965
Acrylic on canvas
153 x 183 cm
Arts Council of Great Britain

1026 x 827 86.6K
86.6K, 1026 x 827

1138 x 740 219.8K
219.8K, 1138 x 740

Place Furstenberg
(Paris, August 7,8,9, 1985 #1 )
Painted: 1985
Photographic collage
88.9 x 80 cm
Collection of the artist
Model with Unfinished Self-Portrait
Painted: 1977
Oil on canvas
152 x 152 cm
Collection Werner Boeninger

926 x 931 123.4K
123.4K, 926 x 931

909 x 914 135.5K
135.5K, 909 x 914

A Lawn Being Sprinkled
Painted: 1967
Acrylic on canvas
153 x 153 cm
Collection of Lyn and Norman Lear

Nichols Canyon
Painted: 1980
Acrylic on canvas
213.3 x 152.4 cm
Mr. and Mrs. Richard C. Hedreen

783 x 1113 171.8K
171.8K, 783 x 1113

922 x 931 105.1K
105.1K, 922 x 931

Portrait of Nick Wilder
Painted: 1966
Acrylic on canvas
183 x 183 cm
Private collection

Pearblossom Highway
(11-18th April 1986 #2 )
Painted: 1986
Photographic collage
198 x 282 cm

1125 x 766 195.2K
195.2K, 1125 x 766

1098 x 769 110.7K
110.7K, 1098 x 769

Portrait of an Artist
(Pool with Two Figures)
Painted: 1971
Acrylic on canvas
214 x 304.8 cm
Collection David Geffen

Man Taking Shower in Beverly Hills
Painted: 1964
Acrylic on canvas
167 x 167 cm
Tate Gallery

926 x 937 116.9K
116.9K, 926 x 937