Marc, Franz
Timeline: Towards Abstraction

Franz Marc was born on February 8, 1880, in Munich, Germany. He studied at the Munich Art Academy and traveled to Paris several times where he saw the work of Gauguin, Van Gogh, and the Impressionists. With Kandinsky, he founded the almanac "Der Blaue Reiter" in 1911 and organized exhibitions with this name. He was a principal member of the First German Salon d'Automne in 1913. At the beginning of World War I, he volunteered for military service and he died near Verdun, France, on March 4, 1916.

Franz Marc was a pioneer in the birth of abstract art at the beginning of the twentieth-century The Blaue Reiter group put forth a new program for art based on exuberant color and on profoundly felt emotional and spiritual states. It was Marc's particular contribution to introduce paradisiacal imagery that had as its dramatis personae a collection of animals, most notably a group of heroic horses.

Tragically, Marc was killed in World War I at the age of thirty-six, but not before he had created some of the most exciting and touching paintings of the Expressionist movement.

788 x 1079 166.1K
166.1K, 788 x 1079

Deer in the Woods II
Painted: 1912
Oil on canvas
110.5 x 80.5 cm
Stadtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus

The fate of the animals
Painted: 1913
Oil on canvas
196 x 266 cm

1080 x 794 135.9K
135.9K, 1080 x 794

1102 x 771 152.3K
152.3K, 1102 x 771

Fighting Forms
Painted: 1914
Oil on canvas
91 x 131 cm
Staatsgalerie moderner Kunst

The Yellow Cow
Painted: 1911
Oil on canvas
140.5 x 189.2 cm
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
New York

1067 x 797 99.3K
99.3K, 1067 x 797

1192 x 703 161.3K
161.3K, 1192 x 703

Dog Lying in the Snow
Painted: 1910-11
Oil on canvas
62.5 x 105 cm
Stadelsches Kunstinstitut

Painted: 1913
Oil on canvas
87 x 65 cm

795 x 1047 143.2K
143.2K, 795 x 1047

880 x 971 139.2K
139.2K, 880 x 971

Painted: 1912
Oil on canvas
111 x 111.5 cm
Stadtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus