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 Martini, Simone

Martini, Simone (circa 1280-1344), Italian painter, who was one of the most original and influential artists of the Sienese school. Simone was born in Siena. Building on the techniques for indicating three-dimensional space developed by the Sienese master Duccio di Buoninsegna, Simone added a refined contour of line, grace of expression, and serenity of mood. He painted many frescoes, introducing the fresco technique into the Sienese school. He also painted altarpiece panels, such as the Virgin and Child (1320) for the Church of Saint Catherine in Pisa.

Simone lived in Assisi for a time, where he produced one of his greatest frescoes, illustrating scenes from the life of St. Martin for the chapel of St. Martin. In 1339, at the request of Pope Benedict XII, he went to Avignon, where he executed frescoes in the papal palace and the cathedral. Among his works are Saint John the Baptist (National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.) and The Annunciation (1333, Uffizi Gallery, Florence), considered one of the greatest achievements of the Sienese school.


422 x 600 45.5K
45.5K, 422 x 600

The Virgin of the Annunciation
Painted: after 1339
Panel painting
Musee Royal des Beaux-Arts
Antwerp

Saint Martin Renouncing the Sword
Painted: 1317
Wall painting
Lower Church of San Francesco
Assisi

525 x 600 68.0K
68.0K, 525 x 600

657 x 600 72.1K
72.1K, 657 x 600

Annunciation and the Two Saints
(Detail)
co-authored by Martini and Lippo Memmi, 1333
Painted: 1317-47
Tempera on wood
Uffizi

The Angel of the Annunciation
Painted: after 1339
Panel painting
Musee Royal des Beaux-Arts
Antwerp

367 x 600 44.0K
44.0K, 367 x 600

360 x 600 50.5K
50.5K, 360 x 600

The Carrying of the Cross
Painted: 1325-35
Wood
Louvre