Piero della Francesca
Piero della Francesca (1420?-92). One of the great artists of the early Italian Renaissance, Piero della Francesca painted religious works that are marked by their simple serenity and clarity. He was also interested in geometry and mathematics and was known for his contributions in these fields.

Although the date and place of Piero della Francesca's birth are not definite, it seems likely that he was born in about 1420 in Sansepolcro, Italy. His father was a well-to-do tanner and shoemaker, and Piero's varied accomplishments indicate that he received a good education. He probably studied painting with one of several skilled artists of the Sienese school who lived in Sansepolcro.

By 1439 Piero was working with Domenico Veneziano on frescoes for the hospital of Santa Maria Nuova in Florence. His experience and contacts in Florence, where he would have seen the works of such sculptors, artists, and architects as Donatello, Brunelleschi, Masaccio, and Fra Angelico, had a profound influence on Piero's style.

Piero was skilled in perspective, and his paintings are also known for the care with which he rendered the landscapes that provide the backgrounds for his figures. Throughout his life he maintained his ties with Sansepolcro, but he traveled widely.

In addition to Florence, he also worked in Rimini, Arezzo, Ferrara, and Rome. For Count Federigo da Montefeltro he painted a diptych, or two-panel painting, that portrays the count and his wife and was probably done in honor of their wedding. Another notable accomplishment of Piero's was a series of frescoes entitled The Legend of the True Cross. In the last years of his life Piero apparently ceased painting to pursue other interests, including writing. He wrote a treatise on painting and others on geometry and applied mathematics. It is said, but not proved, that he lost his sight toward the end of his life. Piero died in Sansepolcro on Oct. 12, 1492.

[ Frescoes in San Francesco, Arezzo ]

1106 x 775 182.6K
182.6K, 1106 x 775

The Flagellation
Painted: 14696
Oil and tempera on panel
58.4 x 81.5 cm
Galleria Nazionale delle Marche

Polyptych of Saint Augustine
Painted: 1454
Oil and tempera on panel
Saint Augustine
132 x 56.5 cm
Museo de Arte Antiga

871 x 997 186.4K
186.4K, 871 x 997

802 x 1065 136.7K
136.7K, 802 x 1065

Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta
Painted: 1451
Oil and tempera on panel
44 x 34 cm
The Louvre

Montefeltro Altarpiece
Painted: 1465
Oil on panel
248 x 170 cm
Pinacoteca di Brera

760 x 1116 208.6K
208.6K, 760 x 1116

863 x 960 223.8K
223.8K, 863 x 960

Painted: 1463
Mural in fresco and tempera
225 x 200 cm
Museo Civico

Polyptych of Saint Augustine
Painted: 1454
Oil and tempera on panel
131.5 x 57.8 cm
Saint John the Evangelist
Frick Collection
New York

868 x 988 144.7K
144.7K, 868 x 988

986 x 868 136.4K
136.4K, 986 x 868

Polyptych of the Misericordia
Painted: 1445-62
Oil and tempera on panel
Base 330 cm, height 273 cm
Pinacoteca Comunale

The Baptism
Painted: 1442
Tempera on panel
167 x 116 cm
National Gallery

764 x 1114 179.1K
179.1K, 764 x 1114

901 x 947 191.7K
191.7K, 901 x 947

Madonna del parto
Painted: 1467
Detached fresco
206 x 203 cm
Santa Maria a Nomentana

St. Julian
Painted: 1470
130 x 105 cm
Museo Civico

801 x 1040 240.0K
240.0K, 801 x 1040