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 Sisley, Alfred
Sisley, Alfred (b. Oct. 30, 1839, Paris, Fr.--d. Jan. 29, 1899, Moret-sur-Loing), painter who was one of the creators of French Impressionism.

Sisley was born in Paris of English parents. After his schooldays, his father, a merchant trading with the southern states of America, sent him to London for a business career, but finding this unpalatable, Sisley returned to Paris in 1862 with the aim of becoming an artist. His family gave him every support, sending him to Gleyre's studio, where he met Renoir, Monet and Bazille. He spent some time painting in Fontainebleau, at Chailly with Monet, Bazille and Renoir, and later at Marlotte with Renoir. His style at this time was deeply influenced by Courbet and Daubigny, and when he first exhibited at the Salon in 1867 it was as the pupuil of Corot.

By this time, however, he had started to frequent the Café Guerbois, and was becoming more deeply influenced by the notions which were creating Impressionism. During the Franco-Prussian war and the period of the Commune, he spent some time in London and was introduced to Durand-Ruel by Pissarro, becoming part of that dealer's stable. In the mean time, his father had lost all his money as a result of the war, and Sisley, with a family to support, was reduced to a state of penury, in which he was to stay until virtually the end of his life.

He now saw himself as a full-time professional painter and part of the Impressionist group, exhibiting with them in 1874, 1876, 1877 and 1882. His work had by this time achieved complete independance from the early influences that had affected him. In the 1870s he produced a remarkable series of landscapes of Argenteuil, where he was living, one of which, The Bridge at Argenteuil (1872; Brooks Memorial Gallery, Memphis, USA) was bought by Manet. Towards the end of the decade Monet was beginning to have a considerable influence on him, and a series of landscape paintings of the area around Paris, including Marly, Bougival and Louveciennes (1876; Floods at Port-Marly, Musée d'Orsay), shows the way in which his dominent and evident lyricism still respects the demands of the subject-matter. From his early admiration for Corot he retained a passionate interest in the sky, which nearly always dominates his paintings, and also in the effects of snow, the two interests often combining to create a strangely dramatic effect (1880; Snow at Véneux; Musée d'Orsay). Naturally different, he did not promote himself in the way that some of his fellow Impressionists did, and it was only towards the end of his life, when he was dying of cancer of the throat, that he received something approaching the recognition he deserved.


615 x 476 24.9K
24.9K, 615 x 476

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Misty Morning
Fog, Voisins
Painted: 1874
Musie d'Orsay
Paris
MORE INFO
Boat in the Flood at Port-Marly
Painted: 1876
Musée d'Orsay
Paris


593 x 476 36.5K
36.5K, 593 x 476

1070 x 783 225.0K
225.0K, 1070 x 783

Provencher's Mill at Moret
Painted: 1883
Oil on canvas
54 x 73 cm
Museum Boymans-van Beuningen
Rotterdam

The Canal of Loing at Moret
Painted: 1892
Oil on canvas
Musée d'Orsay
Paris



603 x 476 27.6K
27.6K, 603 x 476

636 x 449 32.0K
32.0K, 636 x 449

The Seine at Bougival in Winter
Painted: 1872
Museum of Fine Arts
Lille

L'automne: Bords de la Seine pres Bougival
(Autumn: Banks of the Seine near Bougival)
Painted: 1873
Oil on canvas
46 x 62 cm
Museum of Fine Arts
Montreal



1064 x 781 171.9K
171.9K, 1064 x 781

1053 x 790 174.6K
174.6K, 1053 x 790

Bridge at Villeneuve-la-Garenne
Painted: 1872
Oil on canvas
49.5 x 65.4 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art
New York

The Chemin de By through Woods at Roches-Courtaut
(St. Martin's Summer)
Painted: 1880
Oil on canvas
60 x 81 cm
Museum of Fine Arts
Montreal



1092 x 792 184.8K
184.8K, 1092 x 792

808 x 1031 162.0K
162.0K, 808 x 1031

The Church at Moret
Painted: 1894
Oil on canvas
100 x 81 cm
Musee du Petit Palais
Paris

Garden Path in Louveciennes
(Chemin de l'Etarche)
Painted: 1873
Oil on canvas
64 x 46 cm
Private collection



747 x 1090 213.6K
213.6K, 747 x 1090

1021 x 813 163.3K
163.3K, 1021 x 813

Flood at Port-Marly
Painted: 1876
Oil on canvas
50 x 61 cm
Musee des Beaux-Arts
Rouen

Moret-sur-Loing
Painted: 1891
Oil on canvas
65 x 92 cm
Galerie H. Odermatt-Ph. Cazeau
Paris


1096 x 763 216.9K
216.9K, 1096 x 763

1003 x 813 198.1K
198.1K, 1003 x 813

Station at Sevres
Painted: 1879
Oil on canvas
15 x 22 cm
Private collection


Snow at Louveciennes
Painted: 1874
Oil on canvas
55.9 x 45.7 cm
The Phillips Collection
Washington



816 x 1039 239.9K
239.9K, 816 x 1039